Fennel plants originated from Mediterranean region. They have binomial name which is Foeniculum Vulgare. They are included into bronze varieties. It is aromatic perennial growing in autumn. It can grow up to five feet with oval-shaped seeds.
It has also yellow flowers with feathery leaves. Nowadays, fennel has been cultivated all over the world.
People use fennel for many purposes. All parts of fennel cannot be wasted. They are all edible. Its stalk is used or consumed as vegetables. Its seeds and leaves are used to give some flavour for foods. If you are new about fennel, then you may recognize the aroma of anise or licorice because they have similar aroma.
In the past, Romans used fennel for many purposes relating to health. They believed that fennel was beneficial for their health such as eye sight and obesity. That’s why it was a ‘must’ property for everyone. Indeed, people inhaled herbs to fight respiratory problems.
Fennel contains all good nutritients for human body. One raw fennel contains 73 calories, 7 grams dietary fiber, 2.9 grams protein, 0 miligram cholesterol, 0.5 gram fat. It also contains estrogen and nitrates. That’s why it is consumed by those who are in dietary program.
Fennel is good to improve our health such as:
Fennel contains potassium, calcium and magnesium which are beneficial for lowering blood pressure. In fact, it can protect the heart as well because its potassium, fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B-6, and phytonutrient. Fennel is known to have low cholesterol so it can maintain heart health.
Fennel is good for maintaining bone structure and strength because it contains calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, manganese, phosphorus, and vitamin K. Those contents are good for bone mineralization, collage production and maturation.
To plant flannel, you need a garden with full sun exposure.
The soil needs to have good draining because it usually produces tender foliage which is good for growing fennel.
If the texture and condition of the soil is not quite good, then you may add fertilizer to enrich the soil. Just be careful on its usage so make sure you use right direction for application.
Planting fennels in your garden is quite easy and simple. First, sow the seeds to the soil with 12 inches apart. Next, cover them with quarter inch of soil. If you are not sure about the row planting space, you may make it 3 rows apart.
Second, water it with spray nozzle setting. Wait 1 or 2 weeks then you will see the shoots emerging from the soil. After the shoots appearing, you just need to water them once or twice a week.
Third, stake the fennel in windy location and when it grows to get higher, you can mulch it with evergreen boughs, straw or tree leaves for winter protection. Fennels can reach up to 18 inches tall.
Some even can reach up to 3 to 4 feet high. Fennel needs up to 100 days to reach maturity. To keep its aromatic oils and taste, better not to plant the fennels in fertilized soil. Fennel is best to be planted only in well-drained soil to keep its quality.
Read: Growing herb garden plants in pots
Benefit of fennel seeds
Fennel has benefits from all parts of it including the seeds. They are edible and the taste of the seeds is spicy. Apart from its savory flavour, fennel seeds contains flavonoid anti-oxidant like.
They are kaemferol and quercetin. With those beneficial contents, free radicals can be removed from inside the body. Hence, it automatically protects against cancer, tumor, infection, neurological disease and aging.
Fennel seeds are also the source of dietary fiber. Thus, it’s beneficial for digestive system. In addition, it is also good to solve digestion problems. The function of dietary fiber is not only beneficial for digestive problem but also to decrease cholesterol.
Fennel seeds are rich in volatile essential oil which is good for health. They are anethole, pinene, limonene, anisic aldehyde, myrcene, chavicol, fenchone, and cineole.
In addition, fennel seeds are also rich in minerals and vitamin such as vitamin A, E and C. There are also thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and niacin contained in the fennel seeds. Therefore, fennel is a full package of beneficial contents for health.