Among Western people, durian is an awful fruit with an unpleasant odor.
Even in Singapore you can find that this fruit is banned in some public places. Some people describe the odor like a dirty sock or rotten onions. Regardless the unpleasant smell, durian is the king of fruit according to the South East Asian people.
Durian is a native fruit to South East Asian countries such as Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia. This fruit belongs to Malvaceae family and genus Durio which then durian botanically known as Durio zibethinus. Durian is considered as seasonal fruit similar to other tropical fruit such as mangosteen, mango, and jackfruit.
In general, durian is a large fruit which can reach to 30 cm long and 15 cm diameter with thorny green to brown skin. The average weight of durian fruit ranges from one to five kilograms. The only edible part of durian fruit is the flesh inside the thorny skin; the creamy-yellow soft flesh with a sweet flavor.
The smoothness and thickness of the durian flesh depend on the species and ripeness stage. Common people in South East Asia region eat durian fruit flesh freshly from the skin; however the sweet flesh also used for various culinary and dessert. The famous way to use durian flesh for culinary purpose is through fermentation. It is also widely using the durian flesh for several kinds of beverages and dressing.
The unpleasant smell of the durian comes from the ripe flesh.
Yes, it is easy to notice that only the ripe durian emits the stinking odor while the raw one does not. The unusual smell of durian makes people express different opinion ranging from disgust to appreciation.
Regardless the unpleasant smell, durian fruit has plenty of health benefits.
Similar to other tropical fruits such as banana and avocado, durian fruit contains high energy for 100 g of fresh fruit contains 147 calories.
The sweet and soft flesh is a form of simple sucrose and fructose which can replenish energy. Akin from other fruits, durian fruit is a natural source of dietary fiber which is a good laxative agent. Moreover, the durian fruit is also high in vitamin C and antioxidant which are good to protect the body against free radicals.
Besides, durian fruit is also a good source or minerals such as manganese, copper, and potassium. For those who have sleeping difficulty, the durian fruit surprisingly contains essential amino acid in high level which is a natural sleeping pill. The tryptophan substances in the body will metabolize into serotonin and melatonin which makes easy to sleep.
However, even though durian fruit contains minerals and nutrition; you should be careful not to over eating this fruit since it contains a relatively high amount of fats, unsaturated fats, and cholesterol. Overeating durian can bring to intoxicated and can lead to death.
Durian tree can grow very high until 150 feet tall. The common durian tree will produce fruits after four to five years. The height of the durian tree should be the major consideration before planting it.
Make sure you have enough space and it is not against the law to have a towering tree around the house. Another natural factor such as strong winds should also become the next consideration since it can bring the durian tree down and may endanger your house and the surrounding.
For those who live outside the tropical regions, it seems to be difficult to grow durian tree since it requires humid and warm weather with the high yearly intensity of rainfall.
Even though, it cannot live in dry areas, it also cannot tolerate regularly wet soil.
What Durian Taste Like
For durian lovers, durian fruit tastes creamy with mild sweet flavor. The softness and sweetness of durian fruit depend on the species and, of course, the ripeness of the fruit. However, some people may not include durian fruit as their favorite due to its odor.